It's is Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or a world view, is acquired or changed and knowledge and skills retained.
Behaviorists look at learning as an aspect of conditioning and will advocate a system of rewards and targets in education. Educators who embrace the cognitive theory believe that the behavior of a change in behavior is too narrow and prefers to learn the learner rather than their environment and humanity. Those who advocate constructivism believe that a learner's ability to learn relies to a large extent on what he already knows and understands, and the acquisition of knowledge must be an individually tailored process of construction. Transformative learning theory focuses on the often-needed change that is required in a learner's preconceptions and world view. Geographical learning theory focuses on the ways in which the contexts and environments form the learning process.
Outside the realm of educational psychology, techniques to direct the functioning of the process, such as event-related potential and functional magnetic resonance imaging, are used in educational neuroscience. As of 2012, such studies are beginning to support a theory of multiple intelligences, where the dozens of different functional areas in the brain each with their own individual strengths and weaknesses in any particular human learner